Head Office - Telephone: +44 (0)1992 576440       Facsimile: +44 (0)1992 576445

The JCT 98 and JCT 05 standard forms of contracts

The Joint Contracts Tribunal (JCT) was established in 1931 and has for 75 years produced standard forms of contracts, guidance notes and other standard documentation for use in the construction industry. It is recognised as being the major supplier (now through its new publisher, Sweet & Maxwell) of contracts to the construction industry.

The JCT has eight member bodies representing a broad section of the industry and its users. These members include the British Property Federation, the Construction Confederation, the Royal Institute of British Architects, and the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors.

Commonly used forms within the JCT family of contracts

  • JCT 98 Standard Form of Building Contract to be superseded by
  • JCT 05 Standard Building Contract

This Form of Contract is intended for larger projects where the Employer has engaged a professional consultant to advise on and to administer its terms.

  • JCT 98 Major Projects Form to be superseded by
  • JCT 05 Major Project Construction Contract

This Form of Contract is intended for larger projects being carried out by experienced users and knowledgeable contractors who require limited procedural provisions.

  • JCT WCD 98 Standard Form of Building Contract With Contractor’s Design to be superseded by
  • JCT 05 Design and Build Contract

This Form of Contract is intended for projects where a Contractor designs and builds the works for an agreed Lump Sum.

  • IFC 98 Intermediate Form of Building Contract to be superseded by
  • JCT 05 Intermediate Building Contract

This Form of Contract is intended for those projects in the range between those for which the JCT 98 Standard Form of Building Contract and those for which the JCT 98 Agreement for Minor Building Works would be used. The Form is suitable for works of a simple content without any building service installations of a complex nature.

  • JCT 98 Agreement for Minor Building Works to be superseded by
  • JCT 05 Minor Works Building Contract

This Form of Contract is intended for smaller projects of a relatively simple nature.

Current News / Changes:

The JCT are in the process of revising and publishing their standard forms of contracts as a new suite of JCT 05 Contracts. Certain of the JCT 05 suite of contracts have already been launched, and the others are due to be launched throughout 2005.

The style of the various forms of contract will be brought into line which will make identifying the appropriate contract a more straightforward process.

For the latest available information don’t hesitate to contact us email enquiries@alway-associates.co.uk

Articles published by Alway Associates - refer to our web page www.alway-associates.co.uk

The JCT Major Project Form - 2003 Edition
“Letters of Intent” and Consumer rights in Adjudication revisited (again)
The Effect of an Adjudicator’s Decision on Subsequent Interim Certificates
“Letters of Intent” and Consumer rights in Adjudication revisited
Is the Project Manager under the ECC (NEC) Form of Contract an Independent Certifier?
Will a notice of intention to adjudicate prevent the final certificate from becoming conclusive?
Insolvency and Adjudication
Provisions for Adjudication when one party is a Consumer
To be, or not to be [a contract] that is the question?
Section 110 and Section 111 Notices.
The JCT Short Form of Domestic Sub-Contract - 2003 Edition
The JCT Standard Form of Sub-subcontract - 2004 Edition
The JCT Major Project Sub-Contract – 2004 Edition.
Set-Off against Adjudicators' Decisions.
Force Majeur, Acts of God, and Others
Drafting for Liquidated and Ascertained damages – Avoiding Pitfalls.
Adjudication – Consequences of failing to consider relevant information.
Can an Employers Deduct Liquidated Damages Following a Contractor’s Insolvency?
Concurrent Delay Reviewed
Provisional Sums - Defined or Undefined?
Non Payment of Monies Due - A New Light on Suspension and Repudiation
The Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999
What is Practical Completion?
Novation and Assignment – What's the Difference?

Training and seminar courses

Alway Associates can offer tailored training on the JCT standard forms of contract typical courses currently available include:

  • JCT 98 conditions of contract (available as a one or two day course)
  • JCT 98 and claims procedures
  • Sub–Contract administration under the JCT 98
  • Claims and claim procedures - JCT contracts and related sub-contracts
  • JCT 98 update with recent case law
  • JCT 98 for civil engineers
  • JCT 98 - Overview and update
  • JCT 98 – Administration and entitlement
  • JCT forms of contract for estimators and managers
  • JCT form of contract – design and build
  • JCT Management contract 1998
  • Minor works contracts – JCT and ICE
  • JCT measured term contract 1998

Of course, as and when the new JCT 05 Forms of Contract are launched our training programmes will be amended to suit.
To see the typical programme for the Alway Associates training seminars follow the link to our training pages. Click Here